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Voltage Testers

Voltage testers are used to determine if there is power to a circuit or device.  There are many types available on the market.  This article provides a basic overview of voltage testers – how to use them, and some of the different types of voltage testers available on the market.

Why Use a Voltage Tester?

As we emphasize throughout our web site, safety comes first! The most important thing to remember when working with electricity is to turn off the power.  It is also important to learn how to make sure the power is off, and this can be done easily using a variety of different testers.

Neon Two-Wire Volt Tester

The simplest and least expensive tester is the neon 2-wire 0-500 volt tester.  Put one of the leads on a ground reference (box screws, neutral side of a plug, neutral or white wire, etc.) and the other lead on the hot wire (hot side of a plug, black or red wire, etc.) See figures #1 and #2.

Figure 1:  Neon 2-Wire 0-500 Volt Tester

Figure 2.

If the neon light glows, then you have voltage at the outlet, as is the case here.

Plug Tester

Another handy device to have around is the plug tester.  Just plug this device into a receptacle, and it will not only tell you if there is voltage present, but also if it is wired correctly (or not!).  Just follow the codes on the tester to determine the situation.

Figure 3:  Plug Tester

Figure 4.

Digital Multi Meter

The type of meter that most electricians will use is the digital multi-meter.

These come in various brand names, price ranges and quality, and the old adage, “you get what you pay for” is the best advice to follow here.

Figure 5:  Digital Multi-Meter – Testing from hot wire to box ground

Figure 6 – Testing from neutral to box ground.
Notice the accuracy of only .077 volts AC

Using a Digital Multi Meter E-Book

The Digital Multi Meter is a far more complex instrument, with greater testing capabilities than a simple voltage tester or plug tester.  If you are interested in learning more on how to use this valuable tool, I would suggest you purchase my ‘Using a Digital Multi Meter’ e-book.  CLICK HERE for more details on this helpful guide.

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  • http://kellson.org/helomyppc/ cassie

    Thank you for another great article. Where else could anyone get that kind of information in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  • Vancouver Electrician

    Good article about voltage tester, great job! Keep Posting http://www.wirechiefelectric.com

  • Samuel Andoh

    I want some distance learning to improve my electrical course.And i will be very glard to get one,thanks.

  • Jerzymarcy

    That is totally safe. Maybe we can use some gloves,,just to make it sure. Thanks!
    Electricians Melbourne

  • Monrovian1 david

    on  plug  in tester  fig #3 we need more to explain when is wrong connected how the ligth will ligth up on it you doing ok. so far the more give the more wise you become thsnkyou. 

  • Alim5801

    Hi ineed to know how to check live neutral reverse for electrical parts at home example frezer..

 

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