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Wiring a Receptacle

Wiring a receptacle (also referred to as an outlet) is another of those fundamental wiring skills that every DIYer should feel comfortable undertaking.  The 15A, 125V receptacle is the most widely used device in your home.  This article and detailed wiring diagram explains the steps to wiring the common household receptacle/outlet.   Included at the end of the article is a video demonstration of the proper method of an outlet.

Receptacle or Outlet

This is your standard receptacle that powers everything from your toaster to your TV. Whether you are replacing or adding a receptacle, here’s how to connect them.

 

Always ensure that the power is off before working on any circuit!

Step One:

Make sure that the circuit is properly grounded.  When installing or replacing a receptacle, connect the ground wire first.  When removing an old receptacle, disconnect the ground wire last.

The ground or bonding wire should be connected to the bonding screw in the device box, and either pig-tailed (in the case of more than one conductor), or left long enough to connect to the green grounding / bonding terminal on the receptacle.

Step Two:

Connect the neutral wire (s) next. They connect to the silver terminals that correspond with the longer vertical prong on the face of the receptacle.

Step Three:

Then connect the black (or red) hot wire (s).  They connect to the brass terminals that correspond with the shorter vertical prong on the face of the receptacle.

Our sample receptacle has two cables entering the device box, and in this first diagram we are using the device terminals to complete the circuit.

Note that this is a practice that is not accepted by everyone, so check with your local electrical authority to determine their position on this.

*Click on images to enlarge.

 

A Second Option – Pig-Tail Splices

The second method is to connect the receptacle by the use of “pig-tail” splices so that the receptacle is connected to only one set of conductors.

In your home, most of the receptacles will have at least two cables entering the same box. The second cable is usually feeding another receptacle, however, it could also be coming from a light or switch.

If you have only one cable entering the device box, tighten the unused screws to avoid them coming in contact with the metal box (if using a metal box), or to mitigate the risk of the unused terminals coming in to contact with the bare ground wire when installing the device in place.

Other Types of Receptacles Commonly Found in the Home

There are many other types of receptacles that you may find around the house, like 20A, or 15/20A, 125V Receptacles, GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) Receptacles, electric Dryer Receptacles (30A, 125/250V), and electric Range Receptacles (50A, 125/250V), to name a few.

Video Demonstration of How to Wire a Receptacle/Outlet

Here’s a quick video that takes you step-by-step through the wiring of a receptacle.

 

Questions?

Are there still questions that you need answered about wiring a receptacle/outlet?  Feel free to ask your question below or check out my Facebook page and ask there.  You can also subscribe to my YouTube Channel and check out the many free videos covering a number of different DIY wiring topics, including many instructing you on these types of projects.

Do You Have the DIY Skills to Wire That Receptacle?

 

Wiring a receptacle/outlet is something most DIYers are capable of doing.  However, if you’re not sure that your understanding of working around electricity and DIY skills have prepared you for wiring that outlet or any other home wiring project, here’s a great resource to bring your skill levels up to speed.

“The Basics of Household Wiring” is a comprehensive resource (available as a DVD, instant download or e-book) that will give you the information you need to tackle this type of home wiring project easily and, more importantly, competently.  Don’t be intimidated by a DIY project that has you working around electricity.  The Basics of Household Wiring will teach you how to do DIY wiring projects safely!

Need a little more information?  Take a few minutes to watch this video clip for a good overview of the type of top notch instruction you’ll receive in this great resource.   Order or download your copy today.

Terry Peterman, the Internet Electrician

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  • Vince

    I have recently painted my living room and started replacing the old beige recepticles with new white one. Most of the recepticles they were originally wired with two cables in a box as advised above, but in some in a way where the one was connected to the top terminal, and the other was connected to the bottom terminal. I ended up installing the new outlets the exact same way they were wired previously. Will this be an issue?

  • Scmcca

    Our house was built in 1949 (zip 94010).  Although the kitchen and a few rooms have
    been remodeled and a second electrical fuse panel installed for the rewired /remodeled
    rooms, some rooms still have two prong outlets and no ground wires in the
    duplex receptacles.  It would be very
    costly to upgrade all this wiring back to the old fuse box.  We’d like to replace some of the two prong
    outlets on 20 amp circuits with 20 amp GFCI protected receptacles (where they
    are not protected by an upstream GFCI). 
    The GFCIs each have a ground screw to which a ground wire is to be
    pigtailed.  My question relates to correct
    installation of the GFCI, and is not answered in the installation instructions
    and home wiring manuals. 
    Since the two
    prong outlet boxes have no incoming ground wire (just one or two cables each with two
    wires, the hot and the neutral), and no ground is available at the metal outlet
    boxes:  (a) Should a ground wire be
    connected from the GFCI device with a ground screw to the back of the box (as per
    the instructions)?  (b)  If (a) is unnecessary because a GFCI doesn’t
    need a ground to work and/or there is no way to ground the box anyway, would such a
    ground wire be merely a waste of effort, or would it actually be hazardous if
    such a ground wire were installed?  I’d
    like to understand the reasoning for the ground wire connection (between device
    and box), since apparently plastic boxes are sold that don’t need a ground wire
    connection. I’d also like to know if adding the ground wire would increase a risk of fire, since it would not be connected to a ground wire going back to the fuse box.

  • steve

    how do I wire a ceiling light where the new switch is both the light switch and a hot receptacle?

 

The Basics of Household Wiring DVD

"If you're looking for a good reference to help you understand simple home wiring, I personally recommend 'The Basics of Household Wiring' DVD".

Terry Peterman, the Internet Electrician
 
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